Plug A Microwave into An Extension

Can You Plug A Microwave Into An Extension Cord?

With the multitude of appliances we need for cooking, sometimes there is not enough sockets to accommodate them all. For some people, the solution is to plug these appliances into an extension cord – the most common culprit being the microwave. However, is it safe to do so?

As with a refrigerator, plugging your microwave into an extension cord can be done. However, it is not ideal as it can lead to fires – especially if you are using the wrong kind of extension cord – more on that later.

For now, here are a list of reasons why you shouldn’t plug your microwave into an extension cord:

1. Extension cords can’t handle the microwave’s power requirements

There is a reason why microwaves are designed with a short and stocky supply cord – it’s because they need so much power, thinner cords won’t be able to handle it.

Extension cords have a lighter gauge (thickness) compared to the stock cord of a microwave and as well as the wiring inside a regular house socket.

Remember that the wattage of most microwaves go past 1,000W – more than regular extension cords are rated for. If you plug your microwave in an extension cord. it can cause it to overheat and catch fire.

To ensure safety, you should plug your microwave in a grounded house socket.

2. The voltage drop can damage your microwave oven

The length and thickness of the wire affects how much electrical resistance it offers. Basically, the longer and thinner it is, the more resistance there is (remember why microwaves have short and thick wires?); this causes voltage drop along the way.

This voltage drop will eventually damage your microwave. According to Ohm’s law, voltage and amperes are inversely proportional – the lower the voltage, the higher the amperage. The more amps flowing, the more heat is produced. This heat can burnout your microwave’s parts and reduce its lifespan.

Things to consider when buying an extension cord for your microwave oven

1. Gauge

As stated, the gauge refers to the thickness of the wire. It’s standard unit of measurement is AWG (American Wire Gauge).

Rather counter-intuitively, the lower the AWG number, the higher the gauge.

CategoryGaugeAmps
Light Duty#167A
Medium Duty#1412A
Heavy Duty#1216A
Extra Heavy Duty#1020A
*For a cord with a length of 50 feet or less.

For microwaves, a #12 heavy duty gauge extension cord should do the trick.

2. Length

As said earlier, as the cord gets longer, its current carrying capacity gets lower. To reduce the resistance (and thus voltage drop), choose an extension cord that is short and thick just like the cord that comes with the microwave.

3. Rated Wattage

Check the specs of the extension cord to see its rated wattage. Never go above this number, as if you overload it, it will start a fire.

4. Plug

Your microwave comes with a three-prong grounded plug, hence you should also buy a grounded extension cord.

The third pin is known as the grounding pin. Do not remove this as this is for your own safety; in case of a malfunction in the electronics, the grounding pin delivers the excess electricity to the ground – rendering it harmless.

If the grounding pin was taken off, then the excess electricity will go to the next best conductor – in this case, it’s the metal body of your microwave oven – thereby electrocuting whoever touches it.

Conclusion

You can use extension cords for most small kitchen appliances, but for a microwave? Avoid it; it’s better to err on the side of caution.

Do your research first when buying an extension cord for your microwave. Not all cords are created equal; some can be more harmful than helpful.

References:
https://www.thespruce.com/matching-wire-size-to-circuit-amperage-1152865
https://www.thespruce.com/extension-cord-choices-1152867
https://electronics.howstuffworks.com/everyday-tech/question110.htm

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